Thoreau's life can be seen as a direct critique of consumerism and the alienation from nature characteristic of modernity, while his writings anticipate issues later critiqued by phenomenology, pragmatism, and environmental thought in the second half of the twentieth century.
David Henry Thoreau was born to John and Cynthia Thoreau in Concord, Massachusetts.
In addition to being an author, he opposed the government for waging the Mexican war and also became known for his beliefs in Transcendentalism and civil disobedience.
Although, he died in his forties due to illness, Thoreau’s books, articles, essays, travel journals, and poetry still captivate readers with its philosophical richness.
During his stay in New York, Thoreau attempted to break into the New York publishing industry with the help of his future literary representative Horace Greeley.
Thoreau was a philosopher of nature and its relation to the human condition.This invention improved upon graphite found in New Hampshire in 1821 by Charles Dunbar.Later, Thoreau converted the factory to producing plumbago which was used to ink typesetting machines.While staying there, Thoreau pursued his philosophical interests while recording his experiences which he later published in his masterpiece ‘Walden’.After having completed his experiment, Thoreau returned to Concord in 1847 and spent the later years primarily working on ‘Walden’ in order to publish it.Born to a poor family in Concord, Thoreau received his elementary education from the Concord Academy and graduated from Harvard University.Subsequently, he taught at school for some time while pursuing his love for literature and nature alongside.While working at the pencil shop he and his brother John decided to open a grammar school in Concord in 1838.They taught there until John became ill in 1841 and then died in 1842 of lock-jaw.He did not keep his position long because he loathed the corporal punishment of students that was required of him by the school board.During 1837-1838, Thoreau worked in his father's pencil workshop which was located in their basement.