Cattle grazing is generally not compatible with PV facilities due to the risk of damage to modules.
Sheep grazing to control vegetation growth can benefit local shepherds, solar operators, and the land due to a reduction in mowing, herbicide, and other vegetation management needs.
There have been no studies linking solar development with pest problems, but studies have shown how native plants can thrive underneath solar installations.
Solar modules will actually cool crops and vegetation underneath during the day due to shading, and keep them warmer at night.
Fencing can be built to accommodate smaller animals such as kit foxes.
Areas beneath the modules can be reseeded to provide habitat and forage to pollinators, birds, and other small species.
Most solar panels have a glass front that protects the PV cell and an aluminum or steel frame.
Research shows that “leaching of trace metals from modules is unlikely to present a significant risk due to the sealed nature of the installed cells.”Some solar modules use cadmium telluride (Cd Te).
Cadmium compounds are toxic, but studies show that such compounds cannot be emitted from Cd Te modules during normal operation or even during fires.
Industrial incineration temperatures, which are much higher than grassfires, are required to release the compounds from the modules.