This limits our ability to accurately perceive what is actually there.
As competent communicators, we need to keep in mind that most behaviors are in response to external causes.
The third type of common attribution error is over-attribution.
The idea of interpersonal perception means the process of making meaning from things we experience in people and our relationships. Organization helps you make sense of what you notice.
This process involves three components: selection, organization, and interpretation. To help with this, our minds classify each stimulus into categories. The idea behind this is that we can't possibly classify each and every stimulus we receive individually and independently.
In this step, we assign meaning to the information we have received.
This article will discuss several components of perceiving others.
Here, we identify one or two obvious characteristics of an individual and extrapolate those characteristics to explain other things that person does.
For example, if you know someone who is the youngest of eight children, you might attribute that person's insistence on getting her own way all the time to her being the baby of a large family.
The next type of attribution error is called the fundamental attribution error.
Here, we attribute others' behaviors to internal, rather than external, causes.