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Federal contractors and employers who list "Equal Opportunity Employer" in their ad discriminated as much as other employers.Some qualities that we might think would level the playing field had minimal effects.The results of this study indicate that, all other things being equal, race is still an important factor in the American labor market.
Resumes with white-sounding names received 50 percent more callbacks than those with black names.
But, regional differences are important to note - for example, in Chicago, employers located in black neighborhoods discriminate less against black applicants.
Considerable racial inequality and discrimination is still pervasive in the U. Race-based employment discrimination may be a cause of these disparities.
Determining the prevalence of racial discrimination should shape policymakers' future decisions on affirmative action and equal employment laws.
In total, the researchers produced 24 studies with 30 estimates of discrimination for black and Latino Americans, collectively representing more than 54,000 applications submitted for more than 25,000 positions.
They concluded that, on average, “white applicants receive 36% more callbacks than equally qualified African Americans” while “[w]hite applicants receive on average 24% more callbacks than Latinos.” They also found no evidence of changes over time in rates of hiring discrimination for black people, with anything but the slight possibility of “a slow decline” ruled out by the studies.The validity of the names' "blackness" or "whiteness" was confirmed by surveys in public areas in Chicago.Résumés also varied by quality, with higher quality résumés having features such as summer employment experience, school-year employment, volunteering experience, extra computer skills, special honors, or military experience.Results found that résumés with white-sounding names received 50 percent more callbacks than those with black-sounding names, indicating that, all other things being equal, considerable racial discrimination exists in the American labor market.Racial discrimination continues to be pervasive around the world, and, in particular, in the United States.Two high- and two low-quality résumés were sent to each job opening.The responses of prospective employers were measured according to a given résumé's ability to elicit a call back or e-mail request for an interview.Professors Mullainathan and Bertrand examined the level of racial discrimination in the labor market by using a randomized field experiment.Nearly 5,000 resumes were sent in response to over 1,300 newspaper ads for sales, administrative, and clerical jobs in Boston and Chicago.Your access to the NCBI website at gov has been temporarily blocked due to a possible misuse/abuse situation involving your site.This is not an indication of a security issue such as a virus or attack.