Public Policy Essays

As the effectiveness of immigration policy depends on ideologies of immigrants, certain political concerns may be connected with the concept of citizenship or human rights issues. However, there are many Americans who state that “they are a net burden on the state” (Albertson & Gadarian, 2013, p. It is known that recent immigration policies were aimed at preventing the spread of clandestine immigration in the United States, as well as guaranteed a “minimum level of rights to immigrants, even to those without a residence permit” (De Montis et al., 2012, p. Nevertheless, many Americans opposed these policies, explaining the significant role of diversifications in human society, which lead to conflicts between cultures.There are conflicting public opinions regarding immigration policy. The approaches to policy formulation, adoption, and evaluation play an important role in policy making process.Alternatively, it could be an analysis of a proposed policy and its feasibility.

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The statistical data shows that in 2008, there were about 11.9 million of illegal immigrants in the United States (Illegal Immigration Facts & Statistics, 2014).

According to the research conducted by the center of Immigration Studies, if immigration continues to grow at current levels, the population of the United States will increase “from 301 million today to 468 million in 2060 – a 167 million, or 56% increase” (Illegal Immigration Facts & Statistics, 2014). Illegal immigration leads to increased unemployment. As a result, current immigration policy is ineffective.

Policy adoption process is based on the awareness of the significance of the issue.

Policy evaluation should be focused on design, explanation and testing of various methods to address policy evaluation issues, including case study evaluation, needs analysis, realistic analysis and other methods.

Certain political concerns regarding immigration policy should be taken into consideration by policy makers.

According to researchers, “concerns about integration into a cohesive national identity have been enhanced by fears about Islamic fundamentalism following September 11, 2001 attacks”(Koven & Götzke, 2010, p.178).The rational approach is the most appropriate for finding solutions to immigration policy problems as it reflect real-world goals.It is necessity to define the problem, social values and policy goals in order to explore the major policy alternative solutions.According to Briggs, it is necessary to make “labor-market-oriented changes to immigration policy”, which could form a solid foundation for such reformation (qtd. Thus, it is necessary to conclude that the public policy problem like illegal immigration is really serious.As public policy problem affect public policy implementation, it is necessary to find the proper solutions to the problem of illegal immigration.Political awareness of the problem is caused by the functioning of interest groups, such as human rights groups and business groups.As the United States in the nation of immigrants, political parties are aware of the significance of the issue in the political development of the nation (Koven & Götzke, 2010).The brief overview of immigration public policy problem shows that illegal immigration influences practically every area of public concern.As a result, the suggested policy direction should be based on change of current public policy decisions.Both central and district levels of government have opportunities for involvement in decision making regarding immigration issues.The actors involved in policy making process concerning illegal immigration include civil society, business community, public and private institutions.

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