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Some of the more important ethical issues are as follows: Whenever possible investigators should obtain the consent of participants.In practice this means it is not sufficient to simply get potential participants to say “Yes”.
This means you must not embarrass, frighten, offend or harm participants.
Normally, the risk of harm must be no greater than in ordinary life, i.e.
Researchers must ensure that those taking part in research will not be caused distress.
They must be protected from physical and mental harm.
Participants must be given information relating to: After the research is over the participant should be able to discuss the procedure and the findings with the psychologist.
They must be given a general idea of what the researcher was investigating and why, and their part in the research should be explained.
Debriefing should take place as soon as possible and be as full as possible; experimenters should take reasonable steps to ensure that participants understand debriefing.
“The purpose of debriefing is to remove any misconceptions and anxieties that the participants have about the research and to leave them with a sense of dignity, knowledge, and a perception of time not wasted” (Harris, 1998).
Studies must now undergo an extensive review by an institutional review board (US) or ethics committee (UK) before they are implemented.
All UK research requires ethical approval by one or more of the following: (a) Department Ethics Committee (DEC): for most routine research.