The study shows that the implementation was episodic: the implementation of e-Government in Oman was launched in 2003, discovered to be stalled in 2011, and was restarted in 2012.
As the focus of the study was on the supply-side of e-Government, an important theoretical contribution of this study is the development of a framework of e-Government adoption motivators.
People suffer from a 'democratic deficit' in their understanding and use of e-government.
The effects of e-governance have been constrained by the legacy of authoritarianism and the public's democratic deficit.
Goal achievement could be found in all layers, although the project primarily focused on the business architecture layer and the architecture information system layer, making most goals related to these two levels.
Author argues that the lack of an explicit EA framework resulted in a somewhat arbitrary development.: Many of the models and frameworks built to assist in the adoption process in developing countries have been adapted from e-government implementation experiences in Western developed countries.While there are important lessons to be learnt, these frameworks have limited application in Africa and developing countries in other regions.In other words, governments should establish a clear and close link between means and ends prior to implementing e-Government initiatives by engaging relevant stakeholders in the design process to avoid mismatch between project design and reality. It is expected that the ICTs can maximise the benefits for improved governance and electronic democracy in the information age.There is need for more research on how EAs are adapted and used in practice, and there is also a lack of research on the results of these adaptations.The analysis of the project goals showed a skewed distribution of goals between the different layers in the NIST model.This research empirically examined the adoption of e-government at a national and organisational level, taking the public sector in Sudan as a case study.: The purpose of this study was to increase the understanding of use of Enterprise Archictecture (EA).Illustrating the problems of the initial steps of moving towards an EA during the development and implementation e Government.Fourthly, e-government in Taiwan has a modem format, but lacks political efficacy, since it lacks the mechanisms through which people can affect public policy.I conclude that e-government has been used as a modem means to rework authoritarianism.