E.g., "The experiments described in [citation] explored the foo and bar conditions, but did not discuss the further problem of baz, the central point of this work." You should not make references such as this: "Curly, Moe and Larry all believed the same in their research [CML53]" because you do not know what they actually believed or thought -- you only know what the paper states. Thus, you should discuss a model that is not based on Windows, Linux, Ethernet, PCMIA, or any other specific technology.
citation tied to it in this chapter, or else it must be common knowledge (don't rely on this too much). It should be generic in nature, and should capture all the details necessary to overlay the model on likely environments.
Here, you should clearly state the thesis and its importance.
This is also where you give definitions of terms and other concepts used elsewhere.
The abstract, for instance, should be a one-page description of your thesis and how you present the proof of it.
The abstract should summarize the results of the thesis and should stress the contributions to science made thereby.
[I wrote this in 1993 as a letter to a student concerning a draft of his dissertation.
in 2003 I edited it to remove some specific references to the student and present it as a small increment to the information available to my grad students.
There are some obvious differences: an essay is relatively short – usually 1500 to 2500 words – and you are told clearly what to do by someone else.
For example: Describe and evaluate major theories of globalisation.