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This data is used to answer a research question or test a research hypothesis.
The results are based upon actual evidence as opposed to theory or conjecture and, as such, it should be possible to replicate the results in follow-up studies or experiments. However, some undergraduate assignments involve students conducting “mini-projects” in which they conduct observations.
The discipline of English, as well as many other disciplines in the humanities, use MLA citation format.
Below are some examples for formatting the Works Cited page.
Just to be clear: a literature review differs from a research paper in that a literature review is a summary and synthesis of the major arguments and thinking of experts on the topic you’re investigating, whereas a research paper supports a position or an opinion you have developed yourself as a result of your own analysis of a topic.
Another advantage of doing a literature review is that it summarizes the intellectual discussion that has been going on over the decades—or centuries—on a specific topic and allows you to join in that conversation (what academics call academic discourse) from a knowledgeable position.
Your job is to discover the research that has been done, the major perspectives, and the significant thinkers and writers (experts) who have published on the topic you’re interested in.
In other words, it’s a survey of what has been written and argued about your topic.