French Absolutism Essay

French Absolutism Essay-6
Famous for saying "L'estat c'est moi," or "I am the state," Louis was determined to control all aspects of French government and influence French culture.Like his grandfather Henry IV, he continued to weaken the influence and strength of the nobility.Henry IV and his adviser, the duke of Sully, helped create French absolutism.

Famous for saying "L'estat c'est moi," or "I am the state," Louis was determined to control all aspects of French government and influence French culture.Like his grandfather Henry IV, he continued to weaken the influence and strength of the nobility.Henry IV and his adviser, the duke of Sully, helped create French absolutism.

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Absolute rule replaced a system whereby the monarch worked with others.

Prior to absolute rule, a king of France worked with the Estates.

He never summoned the Estates General for advice and used the palace at Versailles to "Tie the nobles with golden chains," or influence them in his favor.

Louis also controlled the middle class and the peasantry with secret police and by creating a standing army and appointing commanding officers himself.

For those on the receiving end of absolutism, the army played a key role.

In absolutist states, the army invariably collected taxes; a large part of this revenue was invested in the army which got larger and more powerful; a larger army was capable of becoming even more effective at collecting taxes which were then further invested in the army.A career in the military appeared to be one worth pursuing for someone with a noble background.The standing army was a symbol of an absolute monarch’s authority and a ruler’s power was based and enforced by it.In this way, the people were trapped: they paid their taxes to a body that expanded as a result and that made it an even better collector of revenue.Such a system smacks very much of a Twentieth Century dictatorship such as Stalin’s and Hitler’s.Important politicians such as Cardinal Richilieu were staunch supporters of absolutism.Absolute rule meant that the power of the monarch was, in theory, unlimited except by divine law or by what was called ‘natural law’.Class struggles were a major problem throughout the reigns of each king. Before the enlightenment people had accepted things as they were, but by the end of the His leading minister, Maximilien de Sully, reorganized the finances and promoted the economic healing of France after years of civil war.France was broken into three estates that were; the clergy, the nobility, and the common people. Things such as agriculture, manufacturing, and commerce were encouraged.Because Henry was able to directly control the French government and create prosperity in France, the stage was set for future absolute monarchs.Louis XIV is also considered a great absolute monarch.

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