The argument which I am focusing on is titled “No One Knowingly Does Evil” and is written by Socrates.
This argument concludes that those who do evil things do them involuntarily.
William Hart describes clearly how difficult evil is to define and it is apparent if you were to look up the word evil in the dictionary.
In the Oxford English Dictionary there are dozens of definitions for the word including; “To harm or injure; to ill treat; to affect with disease; to fall ill or be sick; something morally depraved, bad, wicked, and vicious”. "The "Mastermnd": Personifications of Evil in the Cinema." inter- disciplinary.
Socrates did not state that doing wrong to others is ever right, but In other words, humans are overcome by some other power and are forced to do these things.
In his second premise Socrates states, "One would not voluntarily act against his own will.” This means that nobody willing chooses to do something wrong. In his conclusion Socrates sates, " All who do evil things do them involuntarily.” This means if evil is never done deliberately or voluntarily, then evil is an involuntarily act and no one can properly be held responsible for the evil that is done.
is a term that refers to our adherence to rules that govern human behavior on the basis of some idea of right and wrong.
Although the terms moral and ethical are often interchanged, in this essay I restrict my use of the terms ethics/ethical to refer to our process of reasoning about morality.
Hart tries to define evil and in the end he is able to boil the root of evil to a lengthy list of criteria and an empty definition.
This inability to define evil manifests itself in out literature, politics and especially our entertainment.