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Prior to this closing line of one of his stanzas, Pope had been discussing the tendency of literary critics of his day to judge the work of others harshly through some claim to almost divine authority in the matter.However, Pope wishes his colleagues to remember their own humanity as they criticize other humans, so he appeals to their sense of superiority by concisely letting them know the source of true divinity.An antithesis plays on the complementary property of opposites to create one vivid picture.
You can be the judge when you learn more about 'antithesis' in this lesson, where you'll see the device defined as well as employed in some familiar literary works! Authors have been using this technique for millennia in order to emphasize the distinctions between important ideas by using groups of words that vividly differ from one another. Here, we can find the opposition in his use of 'small step' and 'giant leap,' as well as in the appearance of 'man' and 'mankind.' But antithesis is about more than merely using contradictory words.
At some point in our lives, we've probably all heard a sound bite of Neil Armstrong's iconic first transmission from the Moon: 'That's one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind.' You may have been too inspired by Neil's words to realize it at the time, but his famous phrase very purposefully employs a rhetorical and literary device known as antithesis, that is, the use of words that are opposites or noticeably different to highlight contrasting ideas. Neil could've just as easily stated his idea with something like 'This occasion is insignificant in terms of one person, but has overarching consequences for all humanity.' However, the astronaut's concise quote has inspired so many because it vividly highlights the ramifications of one human's relatively insignificant footstep on the advancement of all humankind through the notable differences between the antithetical elements employed.
Top 3) Anaphora: The repeated use of word at the start of two or more consecutive lines. Examples of Asyndeton are as follows - I slip, I slide, I gloom, I glance There are no conjunctions used between the four words.
Examples of Anaphora are as follows - “I wind about, and in and out, With here a blossom sailing, And here and there a lusty trout, And here and there a grayling Use of ‘And’ in the beginning of two consecutive lines Top 4) Antithesis: Use of opposite words in close placement Examples of Antithesis are as follows - “The voice of thunder declares my arrival; The rainbow announces my departure.” Meaning of arrival is to come and departure means to go. Top 7) Consonance: The repetition of a consonant sound in a sentence.
Nature then takes me, to adorn Her fields and valleys.” The poet has personified rain that describes itself as dotted silver threads from heaven Top 16) Refrain: A verse, a line, a set, or a group of lines that repeats, at regular intervals, in different stanzas.
Examples of refrain are as follows - “Said the duck to the Kangaroo” In this poem the sentence “Said the duck to the Kangaroo” was repeated a regular intervals.
Examples of metaphor are as follows - “I chatter over stony ways, In little sharps and trebles, I bubble into eddying bays, I babble on the pebbles. Here also both heavy and lightness are written together though they are opposite of each other.
The words ‘chatter’, ‘trebles’, ‘bubble’ and ‘babble’ are used to show flowing water of a spring Top 14) Oxymoron: It is when apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction. Meaning of brawl is to fight and love is to have affection for other person. Heavy means which has more weight and light means which has less weight.
As its origins in ancient Greek would suggest, antithesis (Greek for 'opposition,' 'contradiction') has been a popular tool for writers since antiquity, especially among Roman poets of the 1st century A. Let's turn from the space program, now, and look at a few instances of antithesis in some literary works you're sure to recognize!
Paradise Lost, John Milton's classic of 17th-century English literature is full of profound uses of various literary devices. While discussing his exile from Heaven to Hell, Lucifer makes the very poignant argument that it is 'Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven.' For all intents and purposes, this represents the ultimate opposition - not only in terms of locale, but of position, as well.