The placement of question and exclamation marks depends on the situation.Use quotation marks around the titles of short poems, song titles, short stories, magazine or newspaper articles, essays, speeches, chapter titles, short films, and episodes of television or radio shows.
As word-processors and printers become more sophisticated and their published products more professional looking, italics are accepted by more and more instructors.
Still, some instructors insist on underlines (probably because they went to school when italics were either technically difficult or practically unreadable).
Instead, separate the clauses with a period, with a comma followed by a coordinating conjunction, or with a semicolon.
Use a semicolon to join two independent clauses when the second clause restates the first or when the two clauses are of equal emphasis.
Summary: When speaking, we can pause or change the tone of our voices to indicate emphasis.
When writing, we must use punctuation to indicate these places of emphasis.More specifically, when a sentence includes information that is not crucial to the message or intent of the sentence, enclose it in or separate it by commas.Use a comma after a transitional element (however, therefore, nonetheless, also, otherwise, finally, instead, thus, of course, above all, for example, in other words, as a result, on the other hand, in conclusion, in addition) Avoid comma splices (two independent clauses joined only by a comma).Use a semicolon to join two independent clauses when the second clause begins with a conjunctive adverb (however, therefore, moreover, furthermore, thus, meanwhile, nonetheless, otherwise) or a transition (in fact, for example, that is, for instance, in addition, in other words, on the other hand, even so).For more information on semicolons, please see the "90-Second Semicolon" vidcast series on the Purdue OWL You Tube Channel.Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.to distinguish certain words from others within the text.These typographical devices mean the same thing; therefore, it would be unusual to use both within the same text and it would certainly be unwise to italicize an underlined word.Use parentheses to set off nonessential material, such as dates, clarifying information, or sources, from a sentence.In terms of public legitimacy—that is, in terms of garnering support from state legislators, parents, donors, and university administrators—English departments are primarily places where advanced literacy is taught. Note that commas and periods are placed inside the closing quotation mark, and colons and semicolons are placed outside.