For example, minority racial/ethnic populations within the United States disproportionately find themselves relying on state-provided welfare because they live in lower socioeconomic brackets; they also disproportionally tend to lack equitable access to social resources, such as healthcare (Richardson and Norris).
When this is translated to the context of education, students from minority populations—especially Blacks and Hispanics—often tend to struggle to achieve academic success.
In principle, the policy of affirmative action can be understood as a form of providing reparations to people from minority backgrounds due to their historical treatment within the United States. Affirmative action in education is premised on the idea that due to their historical marginalization within the United States, people from minority backgrounds, and especially Blacks, may have a sociologically less equitable chance of making it into colleges and proceeding to meet with success within society.
Therefore, quotas are established in order to offset this effect of historical discrimination and thus level the playing field.
You would likely see a document like this as a personal essay or as an essay assignment in a sociology course.
Broadly speaking, discrimination within the context of the public school system can be understood as reflecting discrimination within American society more broadly.
This sample education essay explores the issue of discrimination in education within the United States.
Discrimination refers to the practice of providing preferential treatment, or denying equal treatment, for a given a person on the basis of his or her demographic characteristics.
When considering the relationship between discrimination and education, it is impossible to avoid a consideration of the concept of affirmative action and racism.
Broadly speaking, affirmative action refers to the policy of establishing quotas that must be met within a given institution—such as a university—regarding the number of minority persons who are accepted into the institution.