Even in East Texas where 45 ” of rainfall occurs annually, crops can experience period of drought stress.
Therefore, only fields that have easy access to an abundant water source should be considered for vegetable production.
Water quality is equally as important as water volume in selecting a field site water source.
Water source for vegetable irrigation should contain less than 400 ppm soluble salts.
Soil type refers to the physical composition or properties of the soil.
Soils basically consist of decomposed mineral matter (sand, silt, and clay) and decomposed organic matter.A step-by-step approach to closing the planning circle, so that you can produce crops when you want them and in the right quantities, so you can sell them where and when you need to and support yourself with a rewarding livelihood while replenishing the soil. Success in vegetable production whether it is organic or not is greatly depended on a well thought out plant.A factor equal to the importance of good soil health to successful implementation of the organic production concept is crop and variety selection.Pest of all types occurs in abundance in most areas of Texas.Contact your local USDA-NRCS field office to obtain a test kit. Vegetable crops generally require more total water and more frequent irrigation than most other agronomic crops.Few vegetables can be grown successfully under dryland conditions in most areas of Texas.Optimum vegetable production is achieved on well-drained sandy loam soils.Although vegetables can be grown on a wide range of soil types, most vegetables are not well adapted to heavy clay soil types.Key factors that should be considered carefully during the planning stage of the farming operation are: site selection, water supply and quality, crop and variety selection, and, market development.If the wrong decision is made with regard to anyone of these, the operation is doomed for failure.